Innovative Test and Diagnostic System for medium voltage cables – PD monitored withstand testing versus non destructive Partial Discharge (PD) diagnosis
For testing and partial discharge (PD) diagnostic purposes many different test voltage wave shapes and frequencies have been established over the past years. Their application is well proven and is guided by IEEE 400 norm. For
testing purposes the voltage need to produce enough stress to lead failures to breakdown. The very low frequency (VLF) waveforms turn out to be very effective and economical for that purpose. For PD diagnostic voltages are needed, with waveforms close to power frequency and in its application non destructive for the test object. VLF voltages could cause in case of long testing times during PD diagnosis unwanted breakdowns at weak spots, even if the applied voltage is not that high like it is used for withstand testing. Damped AC voltage (DAC), which is close to power frequency, is well proven to be very effective for partial discharge diagnosis and causes nearly no risk for breakdown due to the short excitation time even for critically aged cables. A new test and diagnostic system combining both, providing an effective test voltage for withstand testing and being non destructive for diagnostic measurements, is introduced recently. This paper describes the application and comparison of the new test and diagnostic system for partial discharge diagnosis by using DAC. Furthermore true VLF cosine rectangular withstand testing with accompanying PD monitoring is discussed. It is demonstrated that cosine rectangular VLF waveform delivers comparable results of PD parameter to judge the severity and to locate PD defects in MV cable systems.
By Daniel Götz, Frank Petzold, Hein Putter Seba KMT Baunach, Germany, Sacha Markalous, Marco Stephan Seba KMT, Radeberg, Germany and Henning Oetjen, Megger, Valley Forge, PA, USA